Information of Tamarind Cultivation in India with Benefits

Tamarind is cultivated as a fruit that produces flavour in food. It is developed for unique fruits, primarily grown in rainfed areas. Tamarind is a tropical plant of African origin, which is now grown in America, Australia and Southeast Asia. It is a trendy tree that gives fruit and helpful fuel wood. Indian chutney is incomplete without tamarind, and its flowers are also used to make delicious dishes. Below you get the full information about the cultivation of tamarind.  

Climate & Land 

No prime land is required for tamarind cultivation. Also but in deep alluvial and loamy soil containing moisture, a good yield of tamarind is found. Apart from this, its plant also grows in sandy, loamy and saline soil. The Tamarind plant is of tropical climate. It also tolerates hot winds and heat in summer easily. But winter frost harms the growth of plants. Also, Massey 9500 is the best for planting seeds and land preparation. 

Field Preparation

Before growing the tamarind crop, the soil is tilled by ploughing the field. After this, the band is prepared to plant the plants in it. Plants have to be produced on these ridges only. Tamarind plants can grow well. For this, while preparing the field, the amount of rotted manure for vermicompost has to be mixed in the soil during planting and filled in the pits. Apart from this, the amount of chemical fertiliser is given based on the soil test.

Seedlings Preparation 

The sowing of tamarind crops is done by preparing seedlings. First, irrigated land is selected for the cultivation of plants. Then, after ploughing the field in March, prepare the beds for planting seedlings. After this, the seeds are sown from the second week of March to the first week of April. For good germination of seeds, they should be soaked in water for 24 hours.

In the prepared beds, tamarind seeds are planted in rows at a depth of 6 to 7 cm and a distance of 15 to 20 cm. After a week, the seeds start to germinate, and after a month, the seeds germinate ultimately. During this period, irrigation must be done from time to time to maintain moisture in the field.

Planting Tamarind 

Pits are prepared in a field of one cubic foot for planting nursery-grown plants. Moreover, remove the plants designed in the nursery with pindi from the land and give the proper amount of water after planting in the field.

Tamarind Seeds

To get the tamarind seeds, the pods can ripen on the tree entirely. After this, they are harvested and collected and dried thoroughly in strong sunlight for 10 to 12 days. Moreover, the dried beans’ peel becomes loose and easily removed by hand. From one tamarind pod, 8 to 12 seeds are obtained, washed with water, dried, and stored. 

Irrigation & Weed Control

Regular irrigation should be done for tamarind plants. In the summer season, its plants should be watered according to the moisture content in the field, and while rinsing, take special care that there should be no water logging in the area. In the winter season, water the plants at an interval of 10 to 15 days, and in the rainy season, irrigation is done if needed. Special attention should also be paid to weeds in the tamarind crop. For this, weeding is done by natural method to remove weeds according to the need.

Diseases & Treatment 

Fungal disease is seen on tamarind plants at the time of germination or after. This disease causes wilting in plants. To prevent this disease, cutting and removing diseased leaves, pods and twigs and sowing seeds should be treated with fungicide.

Apart from this, many types of insects also attack tamarind plants. In this, the stem penetrating insect mainly attacks the beans and leaves, and this insect disease can also be seen in stored seeds. Therefore, to prevent this disease, spray insecticide on the crop, and before storing the seeds, treat them with anti-pest medicine.


It takes 7 to 8 years for tamarind plants to be ready, and the plants prepared by grafting or grafting start giving crops after 4 to 5 years. The yield is harvested from January to April. For harvesting, the Mahindra 475 tractor model is best as it comes with advanced technology. 

Benefits of Tamarind

  • Vitamin C and antioxidant properties are found in tamarind, which strengthens the immune system.
  • In the summer season, tamarind water should be consumed to avoid heatstroke.
  • Tamarind is rich in antioxidants and tartaric acid, which prevents cancer cells from growing by reducing the risk of cancer in the body.
  • If a scorpion bites a person, then immediately apply tamarind to the bitten area.
  • You can reduce obesity by consuming tamarind.

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Amit Sharma

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